National Campaign will take place between April 10 and May 31. (Photo: Myke Sena/MS)
The Ministry of Health will hold the 25th National Vaccination Campaign against Influenza from April 10 to May 31 of this year. The State Department of Health (SES) has already received the Technical Operational Report of the campaign. In the document, prepared by the Ministry of Health, the preliminary target audience of the campaign is 4.7 million people in Rio Grande do Sul.
The campaign’s priority groups are formed by children from six months to under six years of age, health workers, pregnant women, postpartum women, basic and higher education teachers, indigenous peoples, the elderly over 60 years of age, security forces professionals and rescue, armed forces professionals, people with chronic noncommunicable diseases and other special medical conditions, and people with permanent disabilities.
Truck drivers, public road transport workers for urban and long-haul passengers, dock workers, population deprived of liberty, employees of the liberty deprivation system, adolescents and young people aged 12 to 21 years old under socio-educational measures also have priority in vaccination.
“Influenza vaccination is one of the preventive measures to protect against the disease, its complications and deaths, in addition to contributing to the reduction of viral circulation in the population, especially in individuals who have risk factors or conditions”, explains the director from the State Center for Health Surveillance (Cevs), Tani Ranieri.
The campaign’s goal is to vaccinate at least 90% of children, pregnant and postpartum women, the elderly, indigenous peoples, teachers and health workers.
Preliminary target audience:
– Children from six months to under two years of age – 186,630;
– Children from two years old to under six years old – 567,013;
– Pregnant women – 93,315;
– Mothers – 15,339;
– Elderly from 60 years of age – 2,219,023;
– Health workers – 361.21;
– Indigenous – 34,807;
– People with non-communicable chronic diseases and other special clinical conditions – 665,072;
– Adolescents in socio-educational measures – 1,249;
– Population deprived of liberty – 33,699;
– Employees of the deprivation of liberty system – 6,745;
– Teachers – 153,385;
– Security and rescue forces – 28,178;
– Armed forces – 38,899;
– People with disabilities – 488,941;
– Truck drivers – 128,564;
– Public road transport workers for urban and long-distance passengers – 29,034;
– Port workers – 4,051;
– Total: 4,693,944.
Influenza is an acute viral infection that affects the respiratory system, highly transmissible, globally distributed and with a tendency to spread easily in seasonal epidemics, and may also cause pandemics.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), cases of influenza vary from mild to severe and can lead to death. It is an acute respiratory infection, caused by types A, B, C and D, with viruses A and B responsible for seasonal epidemics. In addition, the influenza A virus is specifically associated with pandemic events, such as the one that occurred in 2009.
Generally, the incubation period for the influenza virus is two days. The infection can be asymptomatic or trigger severe symptoms. Severe conditions occur more frequently in individuals who have risk factors or conditions for the complications of the infection, infants in the first year of life, children from six months to less than six years of age, pregnant women, the elderly aged 60 years or over and people with non-communicable chronic diseases and other special medical conditions.
Transmission occurs through respiratory droplets produced by coughing, sneezing or talking from an infected person to a susceptible person. The flu syndrome is characterized by the sudden onset of fever, headache, muscle aches (myalgia), cough, sore throat and fatigue.